Unit 1 Looking for a job Lesson 1 How to apply for a job successfully . . . . . . . . 6 Lesson 2 Recruiting for the new position . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Lesson 3 Getting more information about the post . . . . 10 Lesson 4 Job interview – Sales Manager . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Lesson 5 Job interview – waitress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Unit 2 At Work Lesson 6 Scheduling the working week . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Lesson 7 Being late . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Lesson 8 Rescheduling a meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Lesson 9 Asking for leave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Lesson 10 Getting promoted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Lesson 11 Talking about your job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Lesson 12 The balance between work and life . . . . . . 26 Unit 3 My ideal job Lesson 13 A career in a big international company . . 28 Lesson 14 Freelance writer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Lesson 15 A self-employed café owner . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Lesson 16 An artist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Odpowiedzi do pytaƒ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Wst´p P∏yta „Angielski At Work” zawiera 16 lekcji prezentujàcych ró˝norodne teksty, scenki i dialogi zwiàzane z pracà zawodowà. Przeznaczona jest dla osób Êrednio zaawansowanych (przynajmniej po roku nauki) oraz wszystkich, które dawno nie mia∏y kontaktu z j´zykiem lub chcà doskonaliç rozumienie ze s∏uchu. Tematyka tej cz´Êci kursu obejmuje s∏ownictwo i zwroty zwiàzane z pracà oraz szukaniem pracy, a tak˝e z codziennym ˝yciem w biurze. P∏yt´ mo˝na odtwarzaç w dowolnym odtwarzaczu CD lub w komputerze. Do∏àczony podr´cznik zawiera transkrypcje wszystkich nagraƒ, t∏umaczenia oraz odpowiedzi do çwiczeƒ. Wszystkich U˝ytkowników Audio Kursów goràco zach´camy do zarejestrowania si´ – zarejestrowani Klienci otrzymujà atrakcyjne zni˝ki na wydawnictwa firmy Edgard. Rejestracji mo˝na dokonaç na stronie internetowej www.edgard.pl
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
s∏ówek (wraz z t∏umaczeniami) na poczàtku ka˝dej lekcji. Dodatkowo, powtarzajàc na g∏os za lektorem çwiczymy prawid∏owà wymow´ i jeszcze skuteczniej zapami´tujemy nowe zwroty. Ostatnià cz´Êcià ka˝dej lekcji jest zestaw pytaƒ sprawdzajàcych zrozumienie treÊci nagrania. Po ka˝dym pytaniu nale˝y podaç odpowiedê. W przypadku, gdy mamy trudnoÊç z udzieleniem odpowiedzi na któreÊ z pytaƒ, nale˝y ods∏uchaç nagrania jeszcze raz i odszukaç odpowiednià informacj´. Swoje odpowiedzi mo˝na porównaç z rozwiàzaniami podanymi na koƒcu ksià˝eczki. Po przerobieniu ca∏ego materia∏u warto odtwarzaç p∏yt´ jeszcze co kilka dni lub tygodni. Radzimy s∏uchaç jej na zmian´ z innymi p∏ytami wydawnictwa Edgard, na przyk∏ad „Business English”, „Travel” lub „Adventure”. Polecamy tak˝e dwup∏ytowe wydawnictwo „Angielski Praca za granicà”. Zapraszamy i ˝yczymy sukcesów w nauce angielskiego!
Jak si´ uczyç? Seria Audio Kurs s∏u˝y do samodzielnej nauki j´zyka angielskiego. Audio Kursów wystarczy s∏uchaç, nie jest konieczne wykonywanie dodatkowych çwiczeƒ. Ka˝da lekcja zawiera nauk´ nowych s∏ówek, nagranie zwiàzane z danym tematem oraz pytania sprawdzajàce zrozumienie treÊci. Z Audio Kursem mo˝na uczyç si´ na wiele sposobów. Przede wszystkim nale˝y uwa˝nie i wielokrotnie pos∏uchaç wszystkich tekstów i dialogów. Nawet, je˝eli przy pierwszym ods∏uchaniu wydadzà si´ one za trudne lub niezrozumia∏e, to za ka˝dym kolejnym razem b´dziemy rozumieç coraz wi´cej. Scenki i dialogi zosta∏y tak opracowane, by w sposób aktywny wzbogacaç zasób ogólnego s∏ownictwa. Je˝eli nadal nie jesteÊmy pewni, co us∏yszeliÊmy, mo˝emy zajrzeç do niniejszej ksià˝eczki i porównaç nagranie z tekstem. Warto przy tej okazji zwróciç uwag´ na wszystkie nieznane s∏ówka wyst´pujàce w tekÊcie i spróbowaç zrozumieç ich znaczenie z kontekstu. Ksià˝eczka mo˝e okazaç si´ bardzo pomocna dla wzrokowców i osób poczàtkujàcych, ale nie tylko! Nowych s∏ów i zwrotów uczymy si´ przede wszystkim s∏uchajàc listy 4
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
Unit 1 Looking for a job In this unit you will hear texts and dialogues about finding a job and the recruitment process. You will learn typical words and phrases on the subject and also you will hear some useful advice on how to look for a job.
Lesson 1 How to apply for a job successfully 2
If you want to get a job you should know where to look for one. In this lesson you will hear a talk given to the unemployed on how to apply for a job successfully. Listen to the text, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this recording. Listen carefully:
to influence sth – wp∏ynàç na coÊ a drawn-out process – zbyt d∏ugi, przed∏u˝ony proces CV – ˝yciorys qualifications – kwalifikacje knowledge – wiedza employer – pracodawca importance – znaczenie, waga concise – zwi´z∏y, treÊciwy to talk up sth – uwypukliç, podkreÊliç to play sth down – umniejszyç profession – profesja, zawód daunting – onieÊmielajàcy, przera˝ajàcy specialist job sites – specjalistyczne serwisy internetowe z ofertami pracy situations vacant section – dzia∏ np. w gazecie z ofertami pracy research – badanie, analiza job column – kolumna z og∏oszeniami o prac´ to neglect – zaniedbywaç to apply for – ubiegaç si´ o 3
it’s a long, drawn-out, almost painful process. For others it can all be over in less than a week. There are many things you can do to influence this process, and to keep it as short as possible. Most people would agree upon the importance of a good CV. It sounds as if it is going to be a difficult thing to prepare but as long as you bear in mind a few basics, then you should have no problems. Bear in mind that a CV is usually nothing more than a statement of your skills, qualifications and experience – i.e. everything that makes you suitable for the position. Thus, make sure that you represent what you have to offer as clearly and effectively as possible. Talk up your strengths, play down your weaknesses. And don’t forget, how you present your CV affects the response it will get. If it’s a mess then it probably won’t even be read. Keep it concise and it will have impact. Type it, unless you are requested to specifically write it by hand. Where you look for jobs obviously depends on what kind of job you are looking for and what sort of profession you are in. There are however several places which tend to cover most of the professions. First of all, and year by year more popular, is the Internet. There are literally millions of jobs on the Internet. You can find jobs in any sector of the economy and in many countries of the world. If that sounds a little bit daunting then it doesn’t have to be, as long as you have a basic knowledge of the Internet. You can find specialist job sites. Often they don’t require you to pay anything to use their services – the employer usually pays. Aside from the specialist job sites, a lot of newspapers have their job sections on the Internet. Finally, there are also the companies’ websites themselves – if you check any large company website then they are sure to have a situations vacant section on there somewhere. Research shows that most people’s first port of call when looking for a new job is the newspaper. Most newspapers have a job column. The nationals have specialized supplements. Local newspapers have jobs in their classified ads section. One thing that you should be aware of is which day is best for jobs. Local newspapers might have a thicker job section on a Monday, for example.
Everyone at some point in their life finds themselves looking for a job. For some
Finally, it is a fact that the most successful way of finding a job is via friends, family, or contacts. Don’t neglect this avenue. Once you have located the job you are interested in, then you need to apply for it. This is quite often done by sending off your CV with a letter introducing yourself – the purpose of which is to catch the
And now listen to the recording. You will hear a talk given by a careers advisor to a group of unemployed on how to apply for a job successfully:
employer’s eye. It is often a good idea to call up once you have sent your application and check that it has arrived, and what the time frame is regarding the selection procedure. 4
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions. If you don't know the answers, listen to the recording one more time: 1. Where can you find millions of job offers? 2. What will probably happen if your CV is a mess? 3. According to the research, what is the first port of call for most people looking for a new job? 4. Which places tend to cover most professions? 5. What is the most successful way of finding a job? 6. When applying for a job, what should you attach to your CV?
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
up to date with – na bie˝àco to expand – rozwijaç, poszerzaç significant – znaczàcy salary – pensja working hours – godziny pracy 6
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear a conversation between Sarah, an HR Manager and Mike, a job center manager. Sarah is looking for new employees for the local hospital – an office assistant and a graphic designer.
office assistant – pomoc biurowa graphic designer – grafik accountancy background – doÊwiadczenie w ksi´gowoÊci medical background – zawodowe doÊwiadczenie medyczne smoothly – g∏adko, bez przeszkód photocopying – kserowanie managing the mail – zajmowanie si´ pocztà developing promotional materials – przygotowywanie materia∏ów promocyjnych experience – doÊwiadczenie personality – osobowoÊç consultants – lekarze specjaliÊci interpersonal skills – zdolnoÊci interpersonalne notice period – okres wypowiedzenia
Hi Mike, how’s it going? Hi Sarah. How can I help you today? Simple, we’re after an office assistant and a graphic designer. Okay. Let’s start off with the office assistant then. Give me a few details… It should be someone with both a medical and an accountancy background of some sort. It needs to be someone to do all of the duties that make the accountant office run smoothly. There’s always photocopying, a good deal of filing work, managing the mail, making tea and coffee for guests and people at meetings, etc. - What qualifications and experience do they need? - For this job the qualifications aren’t so important. As I mentioned though, experience is. We’re looking for someone who is willing to learn the ways of our office and what needs doing here. So their personality is all-important. They need the medical background, as they’ll have to liaise with doctors and consultants sometimes. Ideally they’ll have a solid work ethic and get on with everyone in the office. - Right… so "hard-working and good interpersonal skills". - Exactly! - When would you like the post filled by? - The woman we have now is working her notice period already and is leaving at the end of next month. So we’d like the recruitment process finished in time for her to spend a week training up the new person. - Okay, that makes sense, but it doesn’t leave us much time. Now, what about the graphic designer? - As I said, we’re looking to improve and expand our web page. And it would also be good if they had some experience of developing promotional materials. - I see… give me some details of what you’re looking for then. - We basically need someone who is suitably qualified for this one… the relevant
Lesson 2 Recruiting for the new position 5
In this lesson you will hear a talk between HR Manager and a job center manager. The HR Manager is looking for two candidates for the posts of an office assistant and a graphic designer. In this text you will learn words and phrases useful for describing a position and an ideal candidate. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation. Listen carefully:
computer skills and also some ability with graphics. - When you say the relevant computer skills what exactly do you mean? - We’d like the candidate to have a degree in an appropriate subject. You can state that in the advert. It will mean a degree based on Internet technology or design, which has a significant amount of graphics handling in it. That said, it could be the other way round. Does that make sense? - Yes. Most graphics type people nowadays have the matching computer skills. Are you looking for someone with experience? - Ideally yes, but I’ve done a bit of homework on this one and it seems that the best candidate for us, who matches our budgetary capabilities, would be someone who has just left university or college. They are cheaper, but more importantly they’re still fresh with ideas and up to date with current trends. It's very important that you stress the importance of our portfolio too. We would expect to see some of their work at interview, a representative selection. - Okay, I know what you mean. Listen, regarding the terms and conditions of the jobs – salary, working hours, holidays etc. – I’ll email you the standard form, and if you can get it back to me as soon as possible then we can get the adverts out to the usual channels. - Okay, I’ll wait for your email then. Thanks Mike. - Okay, see you Sarah. 7
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. What kind of employees is Sarah looking for? 2. Does the graphic designer have to have a lot of experience? 3. What are the most important features of an office assistant? 4. When would Sarah like the post of an office assistant to be filled by? 5. Why does Sarah prefer someone who has just left university for the graphic designer job?
Lesson 3 Getting more information about the post 8
When you find a job advert you're interested in it is always advisable to call the company and get some more information about the situation. In this lesson you will hear a person who calls up a school and finds out more details about the post of geography teacher. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation.
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
Listen carefully: post – stanowisko geography teacher – nauczyciel geografii to appear – pojawiç si´, ukazaç si´ mobile – telefon komórkowy practice – praktyka to graduate – skoƒczyç studia recruitment process – rekrutacja deadline – ostateczny termin interview – rozmowa, wywiad shortlist – skrócona lista kandydatów application – podanie covering letter – list motywacyjny candidates – kandydaci 9
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Joanne who is interested in working as a teacher calling a school to find out more information about the teaching post:
- Hello I’m ringing up for some information about the post being offered for the new geography teacher in your school starting in September. - Was that the one which appeared in today’s paper? - Yes, that’s right. - Okay, let me take your name and a couple of details first. - My name’s Joanne Walker. - And can you give me a contact number just in case… - My mobile is 0774 198 734. - Okay Joanne, how much experience do you have? - I’m just about to finish my teaching practice so I’ll be qualified by June. That’s why I’m looking to sort out a position now. - And are you from the local area? - I am, although I’m studying in London at the moment. But I’ll be moving back North once I’ve graduated. - Okay. Thank you. I need to ask those questions just so I can check we’re suitable for you! Now, what information can I help you with? - I’d like to find out first about the recruitment process. It said in the ad that the deadline is in the end of May. Is that likely to change? www.jezykiobce.pl
- Only if we fail to get enough applicants. Then we can extend the deadline. But it’s very unlikely. - What happens after that? When are interviews being held? - We’ll be sifting through applications immediately after the end of the deadline for applications and then will be holding the first round of interviews in the second week of June. - I presume that means there will be a second round of interviews. - Yes, we’ll reduce the number of candidates down to a shortlist of three and then hold second interviews at which the school head will be present. - And when are you likely to be in a position to make a job offer? - We have to sort things out before the summer holidays. So the interview procedure will be conducted in the same week, barring any problems, and we should be in a position to make a job offer around mid to late June at the very latest. - Right, that all sounds very clear. Can I ask you something about the application itself? - Of course, go right ahead. - In the ad it says we can download a standard application from your website. Can I email that back to you? - We are only accepting applications by traditional mail I’m afraid. It’s all explained on the website. And we would also prefer it if you filled in the application by hand, rather than printing it. - Okay. That’s standard procedure I suppose. Is there anything I need to do in support of the application? - Just a covering letter, that’s all. We don’t issue candidates with tasks such as essays at this stage of the proceedings… although if we think there is a need it can form part of the second interview… if we really can’t decide between the candidates. - Okay, that’s all then, I think. Thanks for your time. - I hope I’ve been of some assistance. Goodbye. - Goodbye. 10
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions. If you don't know the answers, listen to the dialogue one more time: 1. When will the new teacher start her job? 2. When will Joanne finish her teaching practice? 3. Where is Joanne studying? 4. When is the deadline for sending applications?
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
5. What is the recruitment procedure? 6. Is there anything Joanne needs to support her application?
Lesson 4 Job interview – Sales Manager 11
The key part of the recruitment process is usually a job interview. In this lesson you will hear a typical job interview for the post of a Sales Manager and you will learn several useful words and expressions for when you're looking for a job. Listen to the words and phrases that are used in this recording. Listen carefully:
Managing Director – Dyrektor Zarzàdzajàcy Human Resources Director – Dyrektor Dzia∏u Zasobów Ludzkich career – kariera temporary job – praca czasowa salesman – sprzedawca, handlowiec Sales Manager – Kierownik Sprzeda˝y company – firma to get promoted – awansowaç ambitious – ambitny hard-working – pracowity enthusiastic – entuzjastyczny sense of humour – poczucie humoru organised – zorganizowany procedures – procedury training – szkolenie 12
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Peter Jones being interviewed for the post of Sales Manager. Listen carefully:
- Good morning. Mr Jones. I'm John White, the Managing Director and this is Ms Jameson, the Human Resources Director. - How do you do? - How do you do? - Please, sit down. - Thank you. www.jezykiobce.pl
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
- First, I'd like to talk about your CV; you spent a year in America. What were you doing there? - That was the year after I finished University. I decided to spend one year travelling and working before I started a career. I travelled through 11 states and had 3 temporary jobs. In New York, I was a waiter and when I'd saved enough money I travelled to Washington and then to Chicago. In Chicago I found a job as a salesman. I'd never done that before, but I learnt quickly and made a lot of money. After 3 months I decided to travel slowly down to California. I hitchhiked and stopped for longer in places that looked nice. Anyway, when I got there I got another job in sales and made enough money to get back to England via Hawaii, Japan, Hong Kong, Delhi, Jerusalem and finally Rome. - Err, OK. You certainly had an adventure. Since then you've worked in sales in Birmingham for 2 years and now you want to come to London to work for us. Why? - Well, I am now Sales Manager for my present firm. It's a small family company and really there's no chance of going further in my career in this company. As you can see from my CV, I studied at King's College London and really enjoyed living here. I know that your company is a big international firm and I would have the opportunity to travel more in my work and hopefully get promoted. - You are a very ambitious person. What other personal characteristics make you a good salesman? - Well, I'm hard-working, enthusiastic. I have a good sense of humour and like working with other people, especially with clients and with other members of a sales team. I am very organised and think I am a good manager. - If you were given the job, what would you do first as sales manager? - That's a difficult question. Mmm, I know something about your firm, but not very much about the people and the procedures. I think that the first thing I would do would be try to get to know my sales team and the way the company works. - Thank you. Do you have any questions for us? - What is your policy on training? - Well, we send all new sales people on a 3-day course to Amsterdam or Paris. We have regular training sessions – about 2 or 3 times a year. We also offer a 50% sponsorship on MBA's or other relevant higher education. - That sounds really good. When can I start?! - Well, there are 3 other candidates who we now have to interview. We'll let you know at the beginning of next week, OK? - Great. Thank you very much. Well, goodbye.
- Goodbye. - Goodbye.
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions: 1. What kind of job is Peter Jones applying for? 2. What is the post of Mr White? 3. What is the post of Ms Jameson? 4. What did Peter do after finishing University? 5. According to what Peter says, what are his personal characteristics? 6. What is the company policy on training? 7. How many other candidates are applying for the job?
Lesson 5 Job interview – waitress 14
A job interview for a serious position and for temporary job looks slightly different. In this lesson you will hear another type of job interview – you will hear Susan who wants to work in a restaurant. You will learn several useful expressions that may be helpful when looking for a job abroad. But first, listen to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation:
part-time – na pó∏ etatu waitress – kelnerka tasks – zadania, obowiàzki customer – klient to show to – zaprowadziç do to lend a hand – pomóc wages – stawki tips – napiwki to introduce – przedstawiç
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear a typical job interview in a restaurant. Susan wants to be a waitress and talks to the manager of the restaurant:
- So, why do you want to work in our restaurant? - I enjoy working with people and I've already worked as a part-time waitress in Italy. - OK. Your tasks will include cleaning and laying the tables, showing customers to their seats and hoovering the floor every night. Sometimes, you'll have to lend a hand with the washing-up. You'll start at 6 p.m. and finish round 2 a.m. Is that OK? - Yes, how about the wages? - Well, your basic wage'll be 4.10 pound an hour, but the tips are good. Waiters and the kitchen staff pool the tips and share them out at the end of every evening. - I see. When do you want me to start? - When can you start? - Immediately. - Fine. Let me introduce you to everyone. 16
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. Does Susan have any experience working as a waitress? 2. What will her tasks be? 3. What are the working hours? 4. What are the wages? 5. When can she start?
Unit 2 At work In this unit you will hear texts and dialogues presenting typical work situations. You will learn words and phrases that may be useful in everyday work conversations and when talking about your job.
Lesson 6 Scheduling the working week 17
In this lesson you will learn how to talk about things which are done in a usual working week. You will hear a dialogue between a secretary and her boss, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this dialogue. Listen carefully:
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
outside – poza to go through things – przejrzeç, przerobiç on a daily basis – wed∏ug dni lunchtime – pora lunchu to convince – przekonaç suppliers – dostawcy scheduled – zaplanowany Production Manager – Kierownik Produkcji presentation – prezentacja increasing – zwi´kszenie, wzrost summarizing – podsumowanie to overrun – przed∏u˝yç si´
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Mr Wilson, the boss of a plastics production firm and Judith, his secretary, scheduling the working week. Listen carefully:
- Okay, let’s get started. - Should we begin with the meetings outside the office for the whole week and then go through the normal daily plans? - Let’s try going through things on a daily basis this time… see if it makes things any easier. - Okay. Let’s start with today then. As usual there’s nothing planned until after lunchtime to give you time to get things ready for the rest of the week. - Good, that’s worked well, having Monday mornings free. I’ve been trying to convince all of our clients and customers to do the same – then they won’t be trying to arrange meetings at that time. What have we got this afternoon then? - I’ve got you penciled in for a meeting with two of our suppliers. - Which ones? - Well, the first one, scheduled to come here for two, is the production manager from Wrightson’s. He wants to give you a presentation on the updating of their production processes. - Ah yes, I remember, and he probably wants to use that as a platform for increasing our orders I suppose! - You could be right. Then at four Mr Head is coming from the packaging supplier to discuss with you the summer production schedule. www.jezykiobce.pl
- Okay, that shouldn’t take more than half an hour – he’s already sent me a fairly detailed email on the matter and everything seems to be about right. - Tomorrow you fly off to Brussels for two days for the conference on sustainable practices in R & D in the plastics industry. You asked me to prepare a list of delegates. I left it on your desk on Friday afternoon. Did you get it? - Yes, very useful, very useful. I’ve worked out my plan of attack based upon who’ll be there. - You won’t be back until late Wednesday evening. I tried to change the flight as you asked to get you back late afternoon, but there wasn’t much the airline could do – except re-route you via Stuttgart, which I decided wouldn’t be the best solution as you’d have to miss lunch. - Okay. - Thursday morning is free more or less – you asked me to leave you some time for summarizing the events of the conference. I’ve done that then, and also scheduled you a meeting in the conference room with your staff so that you can run through how the conference went. - Right. Have you contacted those who should be present? - Yes. - And have they replied? - Yes… all seven of them. - Good… good. So that leaves the interviews for our new management executive for the rest of the week. Are they all still on? - Yes. At least I haven’t had any messages to tell me otherwise. - Ah… I’ve just remembered… can you arrange for the accounts manager to pop in and see me before I go to Brussels. I’d like to sort out a couple of things concerning the new post before I meet the candidates. You know, things like how much the budget will allow us to pay them! - Okay, I’ll sort that out. Let’s say for around four thirty this afternoon. - Better make it at five in case the meeting at four overruns a little. 19
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. Why is there nothing planned for Monday morning? 2. What is the subject of the production manager's presentation? 3. Where is the boss flying to? 4. How long will he be there? 5. Who is he going to employ? 6. Why does he want to meet with the accounts manager?
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
Lesson 7 Being late 20
In this lesson you will learn how to explain to your boss that you're late, which in some situations may be very useful. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation. Listen carefully:
to ask about someone – szukaç kogoÊ to put someone through – po∏àczyç to happen – staç si´, dziaç si´ late – spóêniony traffic jam – korek to oversleep – zaspaç alarm clock – budzik 21
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear a phonecall conversation between Cindy and her boss, Mr Smith. Cindy is late and calls the office:
- Telco Enterprises. Jenny Bucket speaking. How may I help you? - Hello Jenny! It's me Cindy. - Oh, hi Cindy! Where are you? It's 10 o'clock. The boss was asking about you! - Did he? Oh gosh! Tell him I’ll be there in… - No Cindy! YOU tell him. I'm putting you through. *** -
Smith speaking. Good morning, Mr Smith. It's Cindy. Oh Cindy, what's happened? We have a lot of work today and you're already late! Yes. I know. I'm in my car, in a traffic jam. I'm stuck. Oh Cindy! Stop telling those terrible stories when you're late. I'm listening to the radio. There is no traffic jam. And you're simply late. Late again, Cindy! - Sorry, Mr Smith. Yes you're right. I overslept. But... but it's because the alarm clock didn't ring! - Cindy! - OK, I'll be there as fast as I can. www.jezykiobce.pl
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. What was Cindy’s explanation for being late? 2. Why didn’t her boss believe her? 3. Why was she late?
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
- Oh, it’s been ages… See you next week then. Bye! - Bye! 25
Lesson 8 Rescheduling a meeting 23
In this lesson you will hear two people postponing their meeting. Listen carefully to the dialogue, but first listen to words and phrases that will appear in the conversation.
to put through – prze∏àczyç, po∏àczyç extension – numer wewn´trzny something has come up – coÊ mi wyskoczy∏o to check the diary – sprawdziç w kalendarzu appointment – umówione spotkanie to suit – pasowaç, odpowiadaç 24
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Tom and Jessica talking on the phone about their meeting.
- Good morning, Skyline. How may I help you? - It’s Tom Baker here. Could you put me through to extension 181 please? - Certainly. Putting you through… *** -
Hello. Jessica Lee speaking. Hello Jessica. It’s Tom Baker from The Independent. Hi, Tom! Are we still OK with Tuesday? Well, actually I’m calling because something has come up and I’m afraid I can’t meet you on Tuesday. Are you free sometime next week? Erm… Let me check my diary. OK… what about next Thursday… say… at 10? Sorry, I’ve already got an appointment at that time. And would 2 p.m. suit you? Erm… Yes, that’ll be fine. Thanks very much. It’ll be a pleasure to see you…
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. Why is Tom calling Jessica? 2. Are they meeting on Tuesday? 3. Why does Tom want to postpone the meeting? 4. What day and time suits Jessica?
Lesson 9 Asking for leave 26
Everybody has to go on holiday from time to time. In this lesson you will learn how to ask your boss for leave. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen carefully to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation. Listen carefully:
to have a word with someone – zamieniç z kimÊ s∏ówko first of all – przede wszystkim department – dzia∏ proud – dumny actually – w∏aÊciwie leave – urlop to push someone – nalegaç, naciskaç 27
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Cindy and her boss, Mr Smith, talking about Cindy’s Christmas leave:
- Mr Smith, could I have a word with you? - Of course! Please, come in! - Thank you. - Sit down, Cindy. First of all, I really liked your last report. You did a very good job for our department. I'm proud of you. - Yes. Thank you. Actually, I wanted to talk about my leave. - What leave? - My Christmas leave. - Cindy. You know this is the busiest time of year. People spend millions of dollars. www.jezykiobce.pl
We can't afford to miss out. - But my sister has just arrived from Australia. Especially to see me for Christmas. It happens so rarely! - Cindy! Even I won’t find any time to spend with my family at Christmas. Please don't push me too hard! - I know. I'm sorry, boss. 28
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. Why is the boss proud of Cindy? 2. What does she want to talk with her boss about? 3. Why does she want to go on Christmas leave so much? 4. Why is the boss unlikely to give her leave?
Lesson 10 Getting promoted 29
In this lesson you will learn how to talk about the advantages and disadvantages of your job. You will hear people talking about being promoted and moving to a new place. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen carefully to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation:
to get promoted – awansowaç great opportunity – wspania∏a okazja company car – samochód s∏u˝bowy mobile phone – telefon komórkowy ads – og∏oszenia commuter – osoba doje˝d˝ajàca do pracy loneliness – samotnoÊç to exaggerate – przesadzaç to be in someone's shoes – byç na czyimÊ miejscu 30
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear Sue and her friend Andy. Andy has just been promoted and has to move to a new place. Listen carefully:
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
- Of course, it's a great opportunity. Company car, mobile phone... But there are disadvantages, too. - Like what? - Well, I'll have to work 11 hours a day, sometimes also on weekends... - But here you don't work from 9 to 5 either... And I suppose you'll earn more... - Oh yes, but I will spend more, too. Yesterday, I looked through some of the ads and the flats are really expensive! So I guess I'll have to find something far from the centre... - You'll become a real commuter! - How funny... What I fear the most though is the loneliness. - Oh, don't exaggerate – your family will be with you! - No, that's the point. I'm going alone, Julie and the kids won't be able to join me before Christmas. - Don't worry, now with all those low cost airlines you'll be able to spend the weekends together! - Not sure. In the beginning, I was very enthusiastic, but on second thoughts... - Come on, many people would like to be in your shoes... - Maybe you're right... 31
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. What fringe benefits was Andy offered together with the new post? 2. How many hours a day will he have to work? 3. Why is he going to move somewhere far from the centre? 4. What does he fear the most? 5. When are Julie and the kids going to join him?
Lesson 11 Talking about your job 32
In this lesson you will hear four people talking about their jobs. You will learn typical words and expressions that are used in describing different professions. You will hear Sheila talking about her job as a salesperson, Mark who is a lawyer, Kirsty – a shop assistant and finally Kevin – a teacher. But first, listen to the words and phrases that are used in this recording:
- Sue, I got promoted! I've been offered a place at Mortan Standey in London! - Wow, great! So, are you going to move there?
salesperson – handlowiec
lawyer – prawnik shop assistant – sprzedawca big international company – du˝a mi´dzynarodowa firma sales department – dzia∏ sprzeda˝y to be responsible for – byç odpowiedzialnym za to work on commission – pracowaç na prowizj´ small practice – ma∏a praktyka to share profits – mieç udzia∏ w zyskach vicious circle – b∏´dne ko∏o lectures – wyk∏ady it allows me – to pozwala mi it pays the bills – wystarcza na zap∏acenie rachunków good side – dobra strona officially – oficjalnie to get a lot of respect – cieszyç si´ du˝ym szacunkiem responsible job – odpowiedzialna praca a lot of negatives – du˝o z∏ych stron to eat into someone's free time – poch∏aniaç czyjÊ wolny czas to mark homework – oceniaç prac´ domowà to have a good influence on – mieç dobry wp∏yw na 33
And now listen to Sheila talking about her work:
I work in a big, international company. I'm in the sales department and I'm responsible for sales in the Krakow area. In practice this means that I spend my typical day in one of two ways: either mostly on the phone or in the car travelling to present and future clients. I'm quite happy with the job although the hours are long. Some people complain that when you are working on commission you don’t earn much money and there’s more stress. All I can say is that you shouldn’t be a worrier if you are a salesperson and that if you are good at your job you will never lack money! I have a company car, a mobile phone and a laptop computer and I also get quite a lot of gifts from my clients! And now listen to Mark talking about being a lawyer: I am a lawyer in a small practice. There are 3 of us working for the 2 partners. I hope that the company grows, because then I may get a chance to be a partner. Partners get to share the profits and that's really big money! I realise that at
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
the moment I am spending 12 to 14 hours a day at the office and work most Saturdays and the occasional Sunday, but I think that's the only way to get more money and a better position in the company. I’ve got to be better than the rest. I don’t think my wife really understands this, and we argue a lot, so I spend more time at the office and, you know, it’s a vicious circle, but maybe that’s the price you pay for success. And now listen to Kirsty talking about her job as a shop assistant: I work in a shop. I'm a student and I have lectures at the weekend. The shop where I work is not very busy most of the time so it allows me to read a lot and even do some real studying. Of course, I don’t get much money, but it pays the bills and gives me the chance to learn about things that really interest me. Most clients are very nice and don’t give you much hassle, but sometimes you get a real idiot who just wants to argue. What can you do? I just let him shout and then give him what he wants with a smile! And now listen to Kevin talking about being a teacher: I am a teacher. The good side is that you officially work Monday to Friday from 8:00 in the morning until 3:00 with some breaks. You get a long summer holiday as well as a good winter break. You generally get a lot of respect from people, although the pupils are getting more and more difficult to control. On the other hand there are a lot of negatives; the pay is really bad, especially when you consider that this is a responsible job. Of course you can take a few private lessons at home, but that really eats into your free time. There's also quite a lot of work to do at home – preparation of lessons and materials for the lessons as well as marking homework. I do it because I love the contact with young people and I like to think I have a good influence on them. 34
After listening, answer the following questions. If you don't know the answers, listen to the recording one more time: 1. Where does Sheila work? 2. What is she responsible for? 3. What else, apart from a company car, does Sheila receive from her work? 4. Why does Mark want to be a partner? 5. Why does he work so much? 6. Does Mark's wife understand him?
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
When does Kirsty have lectures? Does she earn a lot? What are the official working hours of a teacher? Does Kevin earn good money? Does he work at home as well? What does he like about his job?
Lesson 12 The balance between work and life 35
As a professional, one of the most important things is to maintain a balance between your work and private life. In this lesson you will hear two friends talking about the balance between work and life. Listen to the dialogue, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this conversation. Listen carefully:
to give up a job – rzuciç prac´ consultancy – firma konsultingowa to hand in a notice – z∏o˝yç wypowiedzenie promotion – awans to reckon – szacowaç productivity – produktywnoÊç to get sacked – zostaç zwolnionym a dog's life – pieskie ˝ycie to split up – rozstaç si´, zerwaç ze sobà enjoyable – przyjemny 36
And now listen to the dialogue. You will hear two friends: Nick, who gave up his work in a consultancy, and John, who works very hard, talking about their work and private lives:
- Hi there! Have a seat. Haven’t seen you for so long. - I know, it’s been ages, I’m really sorry I haven’t been in contact, but there is so much work to do. It’s crazy. What about you? - Well, I gave up my job at the consultancy, I just couldn’t work 6 days a week from 8 till 8 anymore. The wife was unhappy and with having a young baby it was even worse. She’s such a great kid, but in her first year I think I saw her
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
for less than 1 hour a day. I decided that this was no way to live and handed in my notice. For the last 6 months I’ve been working in a smaller company as a manager, but with the understanding that my working day is basically from 8 till 4, but that sometimes there might be days when I would have to stay longer. - That sounds great, I’d like to do the same on the one hand, but then, when I think of the money I could earn if I get a promotion ... it’d be twice as much as now. So I have to show the boss that I’m the best and deserve the promotion. I reckon it’ll last another 4 or 5 months. - Yeah, but when you get that promotion he’ll still expect the same if not more productivity. Did you know that some managers think that if their worker can’t get their job done in 8 or 9 hours 5 days a week that they are disorganised or ineffective workers. - I’ve heard that, but unfortunately my boss prefers to employ one person to do the job of two and with the present economic conditions there are many people who are prepared to do it. So if I don’t do it I get sacked. It’s a dog’s life but there’s no choice. - What does Joanne think of that? - Joanne? - You know, your girlfriend. - Oh, I split up with her a few months ago. - Really? But, I thought you were planning to get married? - Well, she decided that there’s no point in marrying a guy she only sees once a week on a Sunday. - Oh, I’m sorry about that. Maybe you should try to talk with your boss or find another job. She might come back to you, you never know. - I guess I need to think about it. Money isn’t everything and I do miss her. I don’t even have the opportunity to meet someone new, unless it’s a work mate or a client. - Well, I know that my life is much more enjoyable now. I have the time for myself and my family. - I suppose I have quite a lot of thinking to do. Thanks for the drink, it was great to talk, but I better get back to work now. - Come on, stay for another, taste freedom. 37
After listening to the dialogue, answer the following questions: 1. Why did Nick decide to give up his job at the consultancy? 2. Where is he working now? 3. Why is John working so hard?
4. Why did he split up with his girlfriend? 5. Is Nick satisfied with his life?
Unit 3 My ideal job When you finally get a job, sooner or later it turns out that it is not as perfect as it first seemed. In this unit you will hear people talking about their plans, their dreams and their way to make their dreams come true. You will learn lots of expressions useful when talking about your career.
Lesson 13 A career in a big international company 38
In this lesson you will hear Chris, a business studies student, talking about his future plans. Before listening to the recording, listen to the words and phrases that are used in this text:
outlet – sklep retail clothing chain – sieç sklepów z odzie˝à perks – dodatkowe korzyÊci to put into practice – zastosowaç w praktyce career opportunities – mo˝liwoÊci kariery training – szkolenie to work your way up the ladder – piàç si´ po szczeblach kariery pressure – presja unavoidable – nieunikniony rivalry – rywalizacja cog in a machine – trybik w maszynie encouragement – zach´ta to gain experience – zdobyç doÊwiadczenie 39
And now listen to Chris talking about his plans. Chris is a business studies student and wants to work in a big international company. Listen carefully:
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
I’m coming to the end of my studies now and I've been thinking for a while about returning to the company I worked at last year in my work experience year. It’s one of the outlets of a large retail clothing chain. What then are the advantages of working in such a place? There are the obvious advantages of course… those perks, like getting bonuses at Christmas, being able to get cheap or even free products (clothes from the store in my case) and the salary is usually a good ten or fifteen percent higher than in a small private business. I have to say as well that I enjoyed my last year there, which would suggest that I would enjoy working for the company again – although of course nothing is guaranteed – the situation will be different when I have a "proper" job. It’s also what I have studied for. You see, when you study quite intensively for four years you are going to pick up a lot of knowledge about a lot of things – and then in the end, you want to put into practice what you’ve learned. I sense that it might not always be so realistic in a smaller company. Working for a big international company gives you career opportunities – they have a well-deveoped HR structure – you can get plenty of training – you can work your way up the ladder – or you can work your way around the world even. Of course there are disadvantages, too. Everyone will tell you about the pressure… you have to work long hours and there are always deadlines to meet. Stress is unavoidable… and I’m sure some people would tell you it leads to illness… and bad habits, too, like eating lunch at your desk, spending too long at the computer, not taking breaks when you are entitled to. Being part of a big organization you inevitably end up with rivalry in the workplace… no matter how easy-going you are yourself, there’s always someone who wants to appear better than you, to be promoted before you, to get a bigger bonus than you…. I also noticed a couple of interesting things when I worked there last year. The first one is that you can start to feel as if you are a cog in a big machine – some days that’s a good feeling – other days you hardly feel noticed, you feel as if you might as well not be there. I know everyone is employed to do a job and paid for it, but sometimes it’s nice to have someone give you some encouragement – and I suppose that’s easier in a smaller company. Some people would love to be able to become very specialized. Personally, I prefer to have a reasonable variety of duties to be getting on with. Again, I think in a small company the work can be more varied.
At the end of the day you have to weigh up the good points and the bad points of any job and of any company that you work for. I’ve done that, and with the experience I gained last year, I suspect that working for a big company is the thing I want to do more than anything else. 40
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions: 1. Where did Chris work last year? 2. What does "a well-developed HR structure" mean? 3. What can you expect from your work mates when working in a big company? 4. What are the benefits of working in one?
Lesson 14 Freelance writer 41
In this lesson you will hear Mike, a freelance writer, talking about his job and his struggle to succeed. Listen to the recording, but first listen to the words and phrases that are used in this text:
wage – stawka slave – niewolnik to swap stability for instability – zamieniç stabilnoÊç na niestabilnoÊç freelance writer – niezale˝ny pisarz Civil Service – S∏u˝ba Cywilna to get itchy feet – niecierpliwiç si´, zaczàç chcieç robiç coÊ innego cautious – ostro˝ny to do things at the drop of a hat – robiç coÊ natychmiast, bez zastanowienia publishers – wydawcy profitable – dochodowy, przynoszàcy zysk poetry – poezja contributor – wspó∏pracownik steady job – sta∏a praca 42
And now listen to Mike, a freelance writer, talking about his previous job and his struggle to become a writer. Listen carefully:
It took me years to finally make the break from being a nine to five wage slave to becoming a freelance writer. To swap stability for instability. I’d been working for
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
a few years as a researcher for the Civil Service. You know how it is for most people – you enjoy things at first, then after a while you start to get itchy feet – you realize, perhaps not correctly, that your efforts are not being rewarded as they should be. So I decided to get out. Some people can do things at the drop of a hat. Others, like me, are a bit more cautious and like to have all eventualities covered before making the leap. So I decided to have a go at the novel that had been wanting to be written for a while. I gathered all of the fragments that I’d sketched out for "A Northern Soul", read them… and started all over again with something completely different. It took me over a year to write "A Yardie’s Soul". But I did it and only then did I think I might truly be able to get out of the Civil Service. In the process of sending my book off to agents and publishers I found out a lot of information about what sort of people will pay for written stuff. It seemed that the least profitable things to do were to write novels and poetry. Little by little I started to investigate a few avenues. I bashed out a few stories to send off to popular magazines. One after another they were returned. Until finally one day a letter came back expressing an interest in what I’d sent. That story got published and the very next day I handed in my notice. Finally! Light at the end of the tunnel! And then I started to wonder if I’d done the right thing. Maybe that story was only a flash in the pan. I kept at it, but by the time I’d worked out my notice, three and a half months later, I had no more successes to show for my hard work. But then one day I met someone who I’d been at school with at a party and he told me he knew someone who worked for one of those housewives’ magazines that publish real life stories. He said they were looking for contributors and gave me someone’s number. And that’s basically how I got my first steady job. What I’ve found out since is that in this business you have to let things happen slowly – even if you are a great talent, then a bit of patience is necessary. The first published article is the hardest. Things build from there. You have some evidence that you can do things. And there’s one other thing – freelance writing is a lot of hard work, a lot of worrying about how you can fund yourself, and a lot of worry about whether you are good enough.
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions: 1. Where did Mike work before he became a writer? 2. When did he finally leave his job? 3. What are the least profitable things to write? 4. How did he get his first steady job as a writer?
Lesson 15 A self-employed café owner 44
In this lesson you will hear Arthur, a former miner, talking about running his own business. You will learn phrases and expressions useful when talking about the good and bad sides of your job. Before listening to the recording, listen to the words and phrases that are used in this text:
to run a café – prowadziç kawiarni´ to make someone redundant – zwolniç kogoÊ miner – górnik careers advisor – doradca zawodowy to expand range – poszerzaç ofert´, asortyment to take decisions – podejmowaç decyzje profit – zysk benefit – korzyÊç straight away – natychmiast tax return – zeznanie podatkowe Inland Revenue – urzàd skarbowy to deliver – dostarczaç trusted suppliers – zaufani dostawcy challenges – wyzwania staff – personel 45
And now listen to the recording. You will hear Arthur, a self-employed café owner, talking about the good and bad sides of being your own boss. Listen carefully:
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
everyone, running a café. I started out because I got made redundant from my job as a miner. Before we left, we were given a chance to meet a careers advisor who basically gave us the options available to us. For me it was a choice between doing a few A Levels and going to University as a mature student, or going into business by myself. I didn’t much fancy so much study, and had a lump sum in the bank, so here I am, wearing my apron, and with dishwasher’s hands! Generally what the customer sees is the good side of the job. I’ve taught myself to cook and I’m always expanding my range. I like to see people come through the door hungry and leave full, having enjoyed a good meal. And I also like to watch people as they chat over a cup of coffee or tea. Of course there are plenty of more good sides. You are your own boss by and large, so you don’t have to listen to someone telling you what to do. You have the autonomy to take decisions and to see the results of them – not always good of course, but I think even from failures you learn things. What’s that old saying – what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger. Also the link between your work and the profits you get is very clear – you can introduce something new, whether it’s a change in the menu or the furniture, and often you can see the benefits straight away. There are plenty of headaches and sleepless nights, too. I remember the first time I had to sort out my tax return. My wife kept telling me that I’d never get it in on time, but I had so much other work to do I had to keep putting off doing it. In the end I got a fine from the Inland Revenue. Also there are often problems with suppliers. As I said, you are your own boss, but in this business you are constantly at the mercy of your suppliers. If they fail to deliver when they promise, you can be in big trouble. In the beginning I had seven or eight different suppliers – I thought variety was a good thing – but you soon realize that the less you have the better – a few trusted suppliers is the ideal situation.
Things have taken off a little bit over the last year I’m glad to say. Which is good, because I was beginning to have serious doubts about having got into the business in the first place. I think it’s not the sort of business that is for
We have expanded a little bit this year, which has been a sign of success. It’s also brought its own challenges however. Staff can be a problem. If you expand, you need more staff. It’s a fact. But once you start being an employer you realize how the inevitable things, like people being ill or quitting, can’t be avoided.
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions: 1. Why did Arthur start his own business? 2. Who advised him to do this? 3. Did he manage with his tax return for the first time? 4. Is it better to have many or only a few suppliers? 5. Why can staff be a problem?
Lesson 16 An artist 47
In this lesson you will hear Jacky, a painter, talking about her way to becoming an artist. Before listening to the recording, listen to the words and phrases that are used in this text:
to encourage – zach´caç proper job – ,,porzàdna”, w∏aÊciwa praca to concentrate on – skupiç si´ na czymÊ exhibition – wystawa canvas – p∏ótno effective – skuteczny creative – twórczy in the same vein – w ten sam sposób, w tym samym kierunku income – dochód economic slowdown – spowolnienie gospodarcze bills – rachunki expenses – wydatki 48
And now listen to the recording. You will hear Jacky giving a talk to a group of people at an opening of her own exhibition. Listen carefully to what Jacky says:
It had been a dream of mine to work for a while as an artist. I always believed I had the talent as a child, but it was never encouraged – my parents tried to steer me into studying subjects that would lead me into a proper job. When I left school I ended up working in a lawyer’s office. I got married quite young and we decided to start a family and it was when I was pregnant with my son that I finally found I had enough free time to concentrate on art.
ANGIELSKI AT WORK
I’d been drawing things for years and had even had a couple of things in a small exhibition, but finally I was able to investigate painting. I’d always believed that if you could draw well and if you were prepared to pick up the techniques of painting, then there were no barriers to what might be achieved. By the time my son was born I’d painted quite a few canvases. I painted over most of them so I could reuse the canvases, but I still have a couple of those early paintings. Slowly I built up a little collection and as my technique improved I ended up painting over fewer and fewer of them. It was in those days that I began to find out which working methods were the best for me. Like anything, you need a routine, you need to find when you are most effective – which in painting I suppose means most creative. And so I developed a love of working at night, which fitted in reasonably well with my son not sleeping such long hours. That then is how I ended up with enough works to stage my own small little exhibition, which went off successfully with the help of my husband and a few friends. That was four years ago. I’d like to say that things continued in the same vein. It’s never quite that simple though, is it? I managed to earn us quite a good income from the first few paintings. It started off with my friends buying stuff, then friends of friends… and then one day my first foreign customer! Looking back I think the economic slowdown around the Millennium affected things a lot. People seemed to have less money to spend. They were worrying about losing their jobs. And the feel-good factor that had been around for several years began to evaporate. I’d imagined that I might be able to continue to make my living as an artist. But when you have a young family you have to face up to the realities of bills and every other kind of expense that seems to grow by the week. And that’s what pushed me into graphic design. I began to experiment with new techniques and new media. What I was doing was a mixture of collage and painting. A magazine became interested in my work and the rest is history. So, what would I say to any aspiring young artist? Two things really. Explore your talent – it’s the only way you’ll find out if you are good enough. And secondly, be aware that very few people make a good living from what is a very unstable occupation. 49
After listening to the recording, answer the following questions: 1. Was Jacky encouraged to become an artist? 2. What was her first job?
3. When did she find time to concentrate on art? 4. What are the two things she would say to any aspiring young artist?
Odpowiedzi do pytaƒ Lesson 1 1. On the Internet. 2. It probably won't even be read. 3. Newspaper. 4. On the Internet. 5. Via friends, family and other contacts. 6. A letter introducing yourself – a cover letter. Lesson 2 1. An office assistant and a graphic designer. 2. Ideally yes, but it can be someone who has just left university or college. 3. Relevant experience and good interpersonal skills. 4. A week before the end of next month the latest. 5. Because they are cheaper, still fresh with ideas and up to date with current trends. Lesson 3 1. In September. 2. She's about to finish her teaching practice and she will be qualified in June. 3. In London. 4. The end of May. 5. After sending the applications first round of the interviews will be held and then chosen candidates will be interviewed with the presence of the school head. 6. No, just a covering letter.
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working with other people. 6. They send all new sales people on a 3-day course to Amsterdam or Paris and have regular training sessions – 2 or 3 times a year. 7. There are 3 other candidates. Lesson 5 1. Yes, she worked as a part-time waitress in Italy. 2. Cleaning and laying the tables, showing customers to their seats, hoovering the floor. 3. From 6 p.m. to 2 a.m. 4. Basic wage is 4.10 pound. 5. Immediately. Lesson 6 1. To let the boss get things ready for the rest of the week. 2. Updating of their production processes. 3. To Brussels for the conference on sustainable practices in R & D. 4. Two days, until late Wednesday evening. 5. Management executive. 6. To discuss how much he can pay the new management executive. Lesson 7 1. That she's stuck in a traffic jam. 2. Because he was listening to the radio and knew that there was no traffic jam. 3. She overslept. Lesson 8 1. To postpone their meeting. 2. No, they aren’t. 3. Because something has come up. 4. Next Thursday, 10 a.m.
Lesson 4 1. Sales Manager. 2. Managing Director. 3. Human Resources Director. 4. He spent one year travelling and working. 5. He's hard-working, enthusiastic, he has a good sense of humour and likes
Lesson 9 1. She made a very good report (he liked it very much). 2. Her Christmas leave. 3. Because her sister from Australia is coming and it happens very rarely. 4. Christmas is the busiest time of the year, people spend millions of dollars and there is much more work.
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Lesson 10 1. Company car and a mobile phone. 2. 11 hours. 3. Because flats in the centre are too expensive. 4. Loneliness. 5. At Christmas or even later.
Lesson 14 1. He was a researcher for the Civil Service. 2. When his first story was published in a magazine. 3. Novels and poetry. 4. He met someone who gave him phone number of the person working for one of the housewives’ magazines. They were looking for a contributor.
Lesson 11 1. In the sales department, in a big international company. 2. She's responsible for sales in the Krakow area. 3. Company car, mobile phone and a laptop computer. 4. Because partners share profits. 5. He thinks it's the only way to get more money and a better position in the company. 6. No, they argue a lot. 7. At the weekends. 8. No, but it pays the bills. 9. From Monday to Friday, from 8 a.m. till 3 p.m. 10. No, the pay is really bad. 11. Yes, he has to prepare lessons and mark homework at home. 12. He likes contact with young people and he thinks he has a good influence on them.
Lesson 15 1. He was made redundant from his job as a miner and decided to open a café. 2. A career advisor. 3. No, in the end he got a fine. 4. It's better to have only a few trusted suppliers. 5. Because people can be ill or can quit. Lesson 16 1. No, her parents wanted her to do a "proper" job. 2. She worked in a lawyer's office. 3. When she was pregnant with her son. 4. To explore their talent and to be aware that very few people make good living from being an artist.
Lesson 12 1. Because he couldn't work 6 days a week, from 8 till 8 anymore. 2. In a smaller company, as a manager. 3. Because he wants to get promoted and earn more money. 4. She didn't want to marry a guy she only saw once a week. 5. Yes, his life is much more enjoyable now.
Lesson 13 1. In one of the outlets of the large retail clothing chain. 2. You can get plenty of training, you can work your way up the ladder or you can work your way around the world even. 3. Rivalry – there's always someone who wants to appear better than you, to be promoted before you, to get a bigger bonus. 4. Perks, bigger salary, trainings, better career opportunities.